Who led the Byzantine Church?
According to this theory, the college of the five patriarchs of Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem, in that order of precedence, governed the Church as successors to the college of the Apostles with Peter as their coryphaeus, or head.
What race were the Byzantines?
During the Byzantine period, peoples of Greek ethnicity and identity were the majority occupying the urban centres of the Empire. We can look to cities such as Alexandria, Antioch, Thessalonica and, of course, Constantinople as the largest concentrations of Greek population and identity.
What caused the fall of the Byzantine Empire?
The Byzantine Empire fell in 1453. The immediate cause of its fall was pressure by the Ottoman Turks. … Ironically enough, the major cause of the decline of the Byzantine Empire (what made it weak enough to fall to the Ottomans) was the Crusades. The Crusades were supposed to be Christian wars against Muslims.
Is the Byzantine Catholic Church under the Pope?
The Byzantine Rite Catholic Church retained various practices of the Eastern church while acknowledging the supreme leadership of the pope.
What religion did the Byzantine promote?
Answer: By the late 9th century AD, a majority of what remained of the Byzantine empire identified as Eastern Orthodox, and it became the official religion of the state in both name and spirit.
How do you recognize a Byzantine church?
Their combination of the basilica and symmetrical central-plan (circular or polygonal) religious structures resulted in the characteristic Byzantine Greek-cross-plan church, with a square central mass and four arms of equal length. The most distinctive feature was the domed roof.